The Adoption of Digital Technologies and Artificial Intelligence in Urban Health: A Scoping Review

Martina Sapienza, Mario Cesare Nurchis, Mario Cesare Nurchis, Maria Teresa Riccardi, Catherine Bouland, Marija Jevtić, Gianfranco Damiani

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

As more people live in cities, the impact of urban settings on population health has been increasing. One of the main strategies to cope with urbanization is adopting artificial intelligence (AI) and new digital technologies to develop new urban services that improve citizens’ health and well-being. The aim of this study is to review urban interventions and adopting digital technologies and AI-based algorithms to improve population health. A scoping review of the literature was conducted by querying MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases. The included studies were categorized into one urban health area, suggested by the WHO, according to the type of intervention investigated. Out of 3733 records screened, 12 papers met all inclusion criteria. Four studies investigated the “outdoor and indoor pollution” area, one “climate change”, one “housing”, two “health and social services” and four “urban transport” areas. Only one article used a comprehensive approach to public health, investigating the use of AI and digital technologies both to characterize exposure conditions to health determinants and to monitor population health effects, while the others were limited to characterizing exposure conditions to health determinants, thus employing a preliminary public health perspective. From this point of view, countries should foster synergy for the development of research on digital technologies to address the determinants of health in the urban context. From a global health perspective, sharing results with the scientific community would also allow other countries to use those technologies that have been shown to be effective, paving the way for more sustainable living conditions worldwide.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)7480-N/A
RivistaSustainability
Volume14
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • urban health

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