The -174G/C interleukin-6 polymorphism influences postoperative interleukin-6 levels and postoperative atrial fibrillation. Is atrial fibrillation an inflammatory complication?

Mario Fulvio Luigi Gaudino, Felicita Andreotti, Roberto Zamparelli, Francesco Burzotta, Augusto Filippo Di Castelnuovo, Licia Iacoviello, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giuseppe Nasso, Rocco Schiavello, Attilio Maseri, Gianfederico Possati

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Background-It has been suggested that inflammation can have a role in the development of atrial arrhythmias after cardiac surgery and that a genetic predisposition to develop postoperative complications exists. This study was conceived to verify if a potential genetic modulator of the systemic inflammatory reaction to cardiopulmonary bypass (the -174G/C polymorphism of the promoter of the Interleukin-6 gene) has a role in the pathogenesis of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF).Patients and Results-In 110 primary isolated coronary artery bypass patients the -174G/C Interleukin-6 promoter gene variant was determined. Interleukin-6, fibrinogen and C-reactive protein plasma levels were determined preoperatively, 24, 48, and 72 hours after surgery and at discharge. Heart rate and rhythm were continuously monitored for the first 36 to 48 hours; daily 12-lead electrocardiograms were performed thereafter until discharge. GG, CT, and CC genotypes were found in 62, 38, and 10 patients, respectively. Multivariate analysis (which included genotype, age, sex, and classical risk factors for AF) identified the GG genotype as the only independent predictor of postoperative AF. The latter occurred in 33.9% of GG versus 10.4% of non-GG patients ( hazard ratio 3.25, 95% CI 1.23 to 8.62). AF patients had higher blood levels of Interleukin-6 and fibrinogen after surgery (P<0.001 for difference between the area under the curve).Conclusion-The -174G/C Interleukin-6 promoter gene variant appears to modulate the inflammatory response to surgery and to influence the development of postoperative AF. These data suggest an inflammatory component of postoperative atrial arrhythmias and a genetic predisposition to this complication.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)195-199
Numero di pagine5
RivistaCirculation
Volume108 Suppl 1
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2003

Keywords

  • Atrial Fibrillation
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Inflammation
  • Interleukin-6
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Postoperative Period
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • aortocoronary bypass
  • atrial fibrillation
  • genetics

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