Prevalence of transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance in HIV-1 infected patients in Italy: evolution over 12 years and predictors

Laura Bracciale, Manuela Colafigli, Maurizio Zazzi, Paola Corsi, P Meraviglia, V Micheli, Renato Maserati, Nicola Gianotti, G Penco, M Setti, Simona Di Giambenedetto, Luca Butini, A Vivarelli, Michele Trezzi, Andrea De Luca

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

31 Citazioni (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: Transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance (TDR) can reduce the efficacy of first-line antiretroviral therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to assess the prevalence and correlates of TDR in Italy over time. TDR was defined as the presence of at least one of the mutations present in the surveillance drug resistance mutation (SDRM) list. RESULTS: Among 1690 antiretroviral therapy-naive patients, the most frequent HIV subtypes were B (78.8%), CRF02_AG (5.6%) and C (3.6%). Overall, TDR was 15%. TDR was 17.3% in subtype B and 7.0% in non-B carriers (P < 0.001). TDR showed a slight, although not significant, decline (from 16.3% in 1996-2001 to 13.4% in 2006-07, P = 0.15); TDR declined for nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (from 13.1% to 8.2%, P = 0.003) but remained stable for protease inhibitors (from 3.7% to 2.5%, P = 0.12) and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (from 3.7% to 5.8%). TDR to any drug was stable in B subtype and showed a decline trend in non-B. In multivariable analysis, F1 subtype or any non-B subtype, compared with B subtype, and higher HIV RNA were independent predictors of reduced odds of TDR. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of TDR to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors seems to have declined in Italy over time. Increased prevalence of non-B subtypes partially justifies this phenomenon
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)607-615
Numero di pagine9
RivistaJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2009


  • HIV-1 transmitted resistance
  • Italy
  • prevalence


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