Telecommuting, off-time work, and intrusive leadership in workers’ well-being

Nicola Magnavita, Giovanni Tripepi, Carlo Chiorri

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Telecommuting is a flexible form of work that has progressively spread over the last 40 years and which has been strongly encouraged by the measures to limit the COVID-19 pandemic. There is still limited evidence on the effects it has on workers’ health. In this survey we invited 905 workers of companies that made a limited use of telecommuting to fill out a questionnaire to evaluate intrusive leadership of managers (IL), the request for work outside traditional hours (OFF-TAJD), workaholism (Bergen Work Addiction Scale (BWAS)), effort/reward imbalance (ERI), happiness, and common mental issues (CMIs), anxiety and depression, assessed by the Goldberg scale (GADS). The interaction between these variables has been studied by structural equation modeling (SEM). Intrusive leadership and working after hours were significantly associated with occupational stress. Workaholism is a relevant moderator of this interaction: intrusive leadership significantly increased the stress of workaholic workers. Intrusive leadership and overtime work were associated with reduced happiness, anxiety, and depression. These results indicate the need to guarantee the right to disconnect to limit the effect of the OFF-TAJD. In addition to this, companies should implement policies to prevent intrusive leadership and workaholism.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)3330-N/A
RivistaInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Pandemics
  • Depression
  • Happiness
  • Health promotion
  • Psychosocial stressors
  • Smart work
  • Work-related stress
  • Humans
  • Leadership
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Teleworking
  • COVID-19

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