Taste and olfactory disturbances after upper and middle third facial fractures: a preliminary study

Giulio Gasparini, Giancarlo Renzi, Andrea Carboni, Maurizio Perugini, Roberto Becelli

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17 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

To estimate smell and taste after traumatic disturbances, the authors questioned a sample of 92 patients who underwent surgical treatment for upper third and/or middle third facial fractures between January 1, 1988, and May 31, 1996, at the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Rome "La Sapienza," Italy. A total of 86 patients included in the study had a facial fracture sustained during a motor vehicle accident. Twenty-nine patients reported smell and/or taste after the traumatic disturbance. Of these 29 patients, 8 patients had hyposmia and/or anosmia without taste deficit, 10 patients had taste disturbances without smell loss, and 11 patients noted disturbance in both smell and taste. The authors encountered posttraumatic smell disturbances in 19 patients in their sample. Nasozygomatic-Le Fort fractures, fronto-orbital fractures, and pure Le Fort fractures were found to determine posttraumatic smell disturbances in these 19 patients. Nasal fractures, nasoorbital-ethmoidal fractures, ethmoidal fractures, frontal-Le Fort fractures, and nasal-Le Fort fractures did not determine any olfactory dysfunction. Posttraumatic hypogeusia and ageusia were found in 21 patients and was caused by nasozygomatic-Le Fort fractures, fronto-orbital fractures, and pure Le Fort fractures. The authors did not find any taste deficits after patients sustained other kinds of facial fractures. In the 11 patients observed, disturbances in both smell and taste were noted. Nasozygomatic-Le Fort fracture was the most common in these 11 patients. At 5 years' of follow-up, the results indicate that hypogeusia and hyposmia are connected with the etiology of fracture, the violence of the trauma, and the involvement of specific facial bone regions.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)355-358
Numero di pagine4
RivistaAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Volume48
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2002

Keywords

  • Accidents, Traffic
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Facial Bones
  • Fractures, Bone
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Olfaction Disorders
  • Sensory Thresholds
  • Taste Disorders

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