Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease characterized by a predominant type 2 immune response. Type 2 immunity is driven by multiple cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 that are considered central to AD pathogenesis and key therapeutic targets. The dual inhibition of these two cytokines or the selective inhibition of IL-13 proved elevated efficacy in treating AD, whereas the selective inhibition of IL-4 has been poorly investigated as IL-4 inhibiting agents did not show any advance in clinical development programs. This review describes the pathogenic role of IL-4 in AD and briefly resumes the main features of compounds selectively blocking IL-4.
- IL-4 inhibitor
- atopic dermatitis