Taking Care of Relationships in the Intensive Care Unit: Positive Impact on Family Consent for Organ Donation

Anselmo Caricato, Silvia Maria Pulitano', Massimo Antonelli, Claudio Sandroni, Ciro D'Alo', Roberta Barelli, Simona Inguscio, Alessia Prestifilippo, Riccardo Maviglia, G. Mistraletti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

16 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Organ donation refusal from relatives of potential donors with brain death significantly reduces organ availability. The need for organ donation has increased over time, but the shortage of available donors is the major limiting factor in transplantation. We analyzed the impact of a new systematic communication approach between medical staff and patients' relatives on the rate of consent to organ donation. Methods The study was conducted as a single-center, non-randomized, controlled, before-and-after study at an 18-bed intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital. We compared the rate of consent for organ donation before and after the introduction of the new communication approach. Results A total of 291 brain-dead patients were studied. The consent rate increased from 71% in the pre-intervention period (2007–2012) to 78.4% in the post-intervention period (2013–2015), with an 82.75% increase in the 2014 to 2015 period. During these periods, no significant variation of consent to organ donation was recorded at the national and regional levels. Conclusions The introduction of a new communication approach between medical staff and relatives of brain-dead patients was associated with a significant increase in the rate of consent to donation. Our results highlight the importance of empathy with relatives in the ICU. The need for organ transplants has increased over recent decades; nevertheless, the number of donors is insufficient [1]. The major factor limiting the number of donations from brain-dead potential donors is the low rate of consent from their families [2], [3], [4] and [5].
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)3245-3250-3250
RivistaTransplantation Proceedings
Volume48
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • Organ donations

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