Tackle health inequality in prevention: State of the art through an assessment of 21 regional preventive plan 2014-2018

Gianfranco Damiani, Giulia Silvestrini, Michele Marra, Marta Alesina, Gyongyi Korosi, Giuseppe Costa

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaAbstract

Abstract

BACKGROUND: the Italian health policies awareness on health inequalities (HI) issues is increasing. The National Plan for health prevention and promotion (2014-2018) (PNP) introduced in 2014 a clear political commitment aimed at reducing HI. During 2015, each Italian regions (IRs) elaborated and approved by law its prevention plan (PRP), according to the PNP. To support this process, a factsheet describing educational inequalities (EIs) in the exposure to risk factors (RFs) was provided with training for many IRs. OBJECTIVES: an evaluation of the 21 PRPs was performed to assess the level of adherence to the national direction and to investigate the impact of the availability of regional health inequalities data. METHOD: a checklist for the evaluation of the PRP was developed and discussed with experts. Frequency of success was calculated for each dimension investigated in the 21 PRPs. An overall score assessing the regional level of adherence to the national recommendation was computed. RESULTS: 21 PRPs and 194 programmes were assessed. 13 PRPs considered the need to address HIs and 8 declared to have used quantitative information on HIs for priority set-ting; 8 PRPs monitored the magnitude of HIs, but only 6 decided to set specific actions tackling such disparities. Overall, 4 IRs failed to comply with the national recommendation to include equity in the PRP, while 14 faced the challenge with different level of engagement in equity. There is an association between the adherence to the equity recommendation and the availability of a regional factsheet. CONCLUSIONS: thanks to the national commitment and to the effort of dissemination of evidence on HIs tailored to each IR, it has been possible to bring many IRs to incorporate in some way the issue of equity in prevention in the majority of their PRP. However, evidence of high level of HI is neither sufficient nor necessary to encourage decision makers to raise equity in their agenda.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] Tackle health inequality in prevention: State of the art through an assessment of 21 regional preventive plan 2014-2018
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)347-353
Numero di pagine7
RivistaEpidemiologia e prevenzione
Volume43
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • Disparities
  • Health equity
  • Healthcare
  • Healthcare Disparities
  • Humans
  • Italy
  • Monitoring
  • Prevention
  • Preventive Health Services
  • Program Evaluation
  • Time Factors

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