T-cell polarization: Potential serological markers in preterm and term infants.

Simonetta Frezza, Francesca Gallini, Maria Pia De Carolis, Vito D'Andrea, Piero Catenazzi, Costantino Romagnoli, Raffaella Palazzo, Maria Carollo, Clara Maria Ausiello

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The immaturity of immune system characterizes newborn infants. Possible serological markers of Th1 and Th2 immune response are the lymphocyte activation gene-3 (CD223) and soluble CD30, respectively (sCD30). AIMS: The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between Th1 and Th2 immune response and gestational age (GA), comparing data in preterm and term neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Cord blood from 20 preterm (GA: 33±2weeks, BW 1950±490g) and 20 term infants (GA: 38±1weeks, BW: 3177±330g) were tested for sCD30 and CD223 levels by ELISA. IFNγ levels produced by cord blood lymphocytes were also analyzed, both before and after stimulation with phytohaemagglutinin (PHA). RESULTS: sCD30 resulted significantly higher in preterm neonates when compared with term neonates (60±7.6 vs 42.6±3.9U/ml p<0.05). CD223 was undetectable in preterm neonates while resulting at a level of 176.1±112.6ng/ml in term neonates. After stimulation with PHA, a significant increase in IFNγ levels was only observed in term neonates (326.6±72.7pg/ml p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that sCD30 is present and measurable in term and preterm infants, while CD223 is detectable only in term infants and that Th-cell polarization could also depend on gestational age. Our data suggest that a Th2 immune response seems predominant in preterm neonates.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)69-71
Numero di pagine3
RivistaEarly Human Development
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • CD223
  • LAG-3
  • Newborn infants

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