Syria’s Lebanonization process. An historical excursus within the “non-existence” of Syrian national identity

Marco Demichelis

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroChapter


The failure of the Syrian Spring is under the eyes of the whole world; an analysis of possible scenarios and final resolutions is currently impossible, while it is easy to assume that the pre – 2011 Syria will no longer find confirmation in the future: too many deaths, too many indiscriminate killings, too many inter-religious struggles. The failure of this country - which has played a significant role in contemporary Arab history, since the end of WWI to the decolonization process and from the Cold War to the post ‘89 phase - is symptomatically related to an identity fiasco whose responsibility is largely attributable to the political leadership of the al-’Assad family, but also, more generally, to a previous inability to shape a national distinctiveness able to conciliate the country’s different religious and political peculiarities. Pondering the abstract’s title it is important to highlight that a country like Syria, which tried to control the richer Lebanon from the ‘70s, promoting a divide et impera policy and triggering from the bottom a long civil war, was to undergo a very similar process, although taking a much longer course from the first half of the XX century. The Syrian “Lebanonization” sequence, only partially attributable to external responsibilities, is the main topic of this article: an historical journey in which Syria’s inability to build a true national identity emerges as symptomatic of a reluctance to feel part of an inclusive and plural state.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteRethinking Nationalism in the Contemporary Islamic World
EditorPaolo Maggiolini Marco Demichelis
Numero di pagine21
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016


  • Islam
  • Nationalism
  • Religious Nationalism


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