Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is now the procedure of choice for most patients requiring proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis. The J-shaped pouch, usually 15-20 cm in length, is easiest to construct and has functional outcomes identical to those of the more complex designs. IPAA is a complex procedure, and complications occur frequently. Despite the significant improvements this surgical advance has made on the quality of life in these patients, inflammation of the surgically created ileal pouch or pouchitis remains a major late postoperative complication that can often overshadow the benefits of this otherwise curative operation. Several inflammatory and noninflammatory complications can occur after IPAA. Pouchitis is the most common, occurring in ≈50% of patients. Whereas acute pouchitis can be treated rapidly and successfully in the majority of patients, refractory and chronic pouchitis remain therapeutic challenges to patients and physicians. The problem is believed to be caused by stasis of feces in the pouch with overgrowth of aerobic and anaerobic organisms. The size of the pouch has a significant influence on the incidence of pouchitis: a smaller pouch usually empties better than a larger pouch and so may be less susceptible to pouchitis.
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Rivista||Digestive Diseases and Sciences|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2011|
- Ulcerative colitis