Structural dynamics of myoglobin: ligand migration among protein cavities studied by Fourier transform infrared/temperature derivative spectroscopy

Alessandro Arcovito, Dc Lamb, K Nienhaus, F Draghi, Ae Miele, M Brunori, Gu Nienhaus

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

76 Citazioni (Scopus)


Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in the CO stretch bands combined with temperature derivative spectroscopy (TDS) was used to characterize intermediate states obtained by photolysis of two sperm whale mutant myoglobins, YQR (L29(B10)Y, H64(E7)Q, T67(E10)R) and YQRF (with an additional I107(G8)F replacement). Both mutants assume two different bound-state conformations, A(0) and A(3), which can be distinguished by their different CO bands near 1965 and 1933 cm(-1). They most likely originate from different conformations of the Gln-64 side chain. Within each A substate, a number of photoproduct states have been characterized on the basis of the temperature dependence of recombination in TDS experiments. Different locations and orientations of the ligand within the protein can be distinguished by the infrared spectra of the photolyzed CO. Recombination from the primary docking site, B, near the heme dominates below 50 K. Above 60 K, ligand rebinding occurs predominantly from a secondary docking site, C', in which the CO is trapped in the Xe4 cavity on the distal side, as shown by crystallography of photolyzed YQR and L29W myoglobin CO. Another kinetic state (C") has been identified from which rebinding occurs around 130 K. Moreover, a population appearing above the solvent glass transition at approximately 180 K (D state) is assigned to rebinding from the Xe1 cavity, as suggested by the photoproduct structure of the L29W sperm whale myoglobin mutant. For both the YQR and YQRF mutants, rebinding from the B sites near the heme differs for the two A substates, supporting the view that the return of the ligand from the C', C", and D states is not governed by the recombination barrier at the heme iron but rather by migration to the active site. Comparison of YQR and YQRF shows that access to the Xe4 site (C') is severely restricted by introduction of the bulky Phe side chain at position 107.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)11636-11644
Numero di pagine9
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2002


  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Glutamine
  • Heme
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Ligands
  • Light
  • Models, Biological
  • Mutation
  • Myoglobin
  • Photolysis
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Transport
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Temperature
  • Whales

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