A proline-rich peptide of 2733Da, isolated from pig parotid granule preparations was tested against different pathogenic fungi. It showed interesting antifungal activity towards a clinical isolate of Cryptococcus neoformans, with an EC(50) of 2.2μM. Neither cytotoxic nor haemolytic effects were observed towards mammalian cells. Circular dichroism and infrared spectroscopic studies showed that the peptide adopted a combination of polyproline type-II, β-turn and unordered conformations at physiological temperatures. Temperature dependent experiments evidenced a tendency to adopt a polyproline-II helix conformation. From experiments with lipid vesicles, Neutral Red Uptake (NRU), haemolytic assays, and confocal microscopy studies, it could be hypothesized that the peptide may exert its antifungal effect by interacting with an intracellular target rather than through membrane damage.
|Numero di pagine||9|
|Rivista||BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2013|