A 1905-Da cationic proline-rich peptide, named SP-B, was recently isolated by our group as the main component of salivary gland granules, and its primary sequence fully characterized by means of automated Edman sequencing and LC-MS/MS tools. In the present study SP-B is shown to possess antifungal activity when challenged with strains of Cryptococcus neoformans, Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigatus, while only negligible antibacterial activity was detected. Furthermore, SP-B was found to be non-cytotoxic when tested on fibroblast cell lines. To obtain information regarding its structure affinity, capillary electrophoresis (CE), circular dichroism (CD) and attenuated total reflection (ATR)-FT/IR experiments were performed. CE revealed a pH dependence of the hydrodynamic radial dimensions both in aqueous and 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol solutions. CD and ATR-FT/IR measurements confirmed the structure-pH relationship, revealing a secondary structure composed of mixed proportions of polyproline-II, unordered and turn motifs, the last being more evident in the zwitterionic form of the peptide. From these findings SP-B peptide could be classified as a new member of the proline-rich antimicrobial peptide family. Copyright (C) 2007 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Rivista||Journal of Peptide Science|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2008|