[Stimulation of the alpha-1 adrenergic receptors during simulated reperfusion after myocardial acidosis. The evidence for an arrhythmogenic role of the Na+/H+ exchanger]

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Abstract

Myocardial ischemia is associated with an intracellular acidosis recovering after reperfusion. Alpha 1-adrenergic stimulation (alpha 1) exacerbates ischemic injury and triggers ventricular arrhythmias during the reperfusion phase. We have tested the hypothesis that the arrhythmogenic effect of alpha 1 is due to a cytosolic alkalinization secondary to proteinkinase C (PKC)-dependent activation of the sarcolemmal Na+/H+ exchanger. In addition, the effect of the 2 distinct receptor subtypes, alpha 1A and alpha 1B, has also been evaluated. We used single, enzymatically dissociated, adult rat ventricular myocytes. Cells were loaded with the ester derivative of the Ca2+ probe, indo-1 or with the intracellular pH probe SNARF-1. Fluorescence was monitored simultaneously with contractility and was taken as an index of intracellular [Ca2+] or as pHi value. Cells on a stage of an inverted microscope were superfused with a bicarbonate buffer continuously gassed with 95% O2 and 5% CO2 (pH = 7.37; Ca2+ 1.5 mM) and electrically stimulated at 0.5 Hz, at 25 degrees C. Alpha 1 (phenylephrine 50 microM + nadolol 1 microM) increased twitch amplitude and pHi (delta pHi = 0.05 +/- 0.01; pHi in control = 7.24 +/- 0.06, n = 10; p < 0.05). This effect was abolished by the PKC inhibitor staurosporine (5 nM), by overnight (12-24 hours) exposure to 0.2 microM phorbol esters and by the perfusion with 10 microM ethylisopropylamiloride (EIPA), a Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor. During 15 min of hypercarbic acidosis, achieved by switching to a buffer equilibrated with 85% O2 and 15% CO2 (pH = 7.01), alpha 1 had a more pronounced effect on pHi (delta pHi = 0.11 +/- 0.02; pHi in control = 7.02 +/- 0.04, n = 10; p < 0.05). During the 10 min following the removal of acidosis, alpha 1 induced aftercontractions in 75% (n = 20) versus only 25% (n = 8) of the cells in the absence of phenylephrine (p < 0.05). Superfusion with 10 microM EIPA (n = 6) abolished the occurrence of aftercontractions. Selective alpha 1A-adrenergic receptors stimulation (alpha 1 + 2 microM CEC, which inactivates alpha 1B receptors) further increased them (92%, n = 12) whereas selective alpha 1B-adrenergic receptors stimulation (alpha 1 + 2 microM WB-4101, a alpha 1A receptors antagonist) greatly reduced the occurrence of aftercontractions (11%, n = 18). These results show that the PKC-mediated activation of the Na+/H+ exchanger is the mechanism for the arrhythmias induced by alpha 1 during simulated reperfusion after a period of acidosis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] Stimulation of the alpha-1 adrenergic receptors during simulated reperfusion after myocardial acidosis. The evidence for an arrhythmogenic role of the Na+/H+ exchanger
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)25-36
Numero di pagine12
RivistaCardiologia
Volume38
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 1993

Keywords

  • Acidosis
  • Animals
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac
  • Calcium
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Heart
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Myocardial Ischemia
  • Myocardial Reperfusion
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha
  • Stimulation, Chemical

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