Spur behavior in Almond trees (Prunus dulcis [Mill.] DAWebb): effects of flowers, fruit, and “June drop� on leaf area, leaf nitrogen, spur survival and return bloom

Sergio Tombesi, Daniela Valdebenito, Aude Tixier, Bruce Lampinen, Patrick Brown, Sebastian Saa

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5 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of flowering, fruiting, and fruit drop on leaf area, leaf nitrogen, probability of spur survival and return bloom were studied in an 11 year-old highly productive almond orchard. Six different spur categories (spurs with no fruit, spurs with flowers removed at full bloom, spurs with fruit removed at 14 days after full bloom (DAFB), spurs with fruit removed at 28 DAFB, spurs with one fruit, spurs with two fruits) were labeled on a total of forty-eight trees, variety Nonpareil. Spurs were tracked from winter 2011 to spring 2012. Spur survival and spur return bloom data were collected by visually inspecting each labeled spur in 2012. Results showed that the competition for nitrogen between fruit and leaves at the spur level occurs during the whole season. Fruiting spurs had 50% less leaf area than non-fruiting spurs because they had smaller and less leaves. Spurs whose fruit was removed early in the season reached similar survival probabilities to spurs that had no fruit throughout the season. However, the return bloom probabilities were lower on spurs whose fruit was removed than in non-fruiting spurs. Two fruiting spurs had the lowest chance to either survive or return bloom.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)15-19
Numero di pagine5
RivistaScientia Horticulturae
Volume215
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • Horticulture
  • Light interception
  • Nitrogen
  • Prunus spp.
  • Spur viability

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