Spotlight on the patient health engagement model (PHE model): A psychosocial theory to understand people’s meaningful engagement in their own health care

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23 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of patient engagement in health care is gaining more and more attention not only in the scientific literature, but also as a requirement in the everyday practices of health care organizations. In general terms, the growing body of literature devoted to patient engagement is mainly inspired by the sociological and public health perspectives, which have generated various theories and models trying to explain how people become active agents in their health and care management. However, theories focusing on the psychosocial dimensions intervening in the patient engagement experience are still limited. This paper proposes a psychosocial perspective on patient engagement and discusses the Patient Health Engagement model, which is an evidence-based psychological theory built on extensive qualitative narrative research and literature analysis aimed at explaining patient engagement and its development in the patients’ perspective. The model has been applied to orient patient and professional educational interventions and has contributed to the generation of the first scientific measure of the psychological experience of patients’ engagement in their own care (Patient Health Engagement scale). According to this theory, patient engagement is a developmental process that involves the recovered patients’ ability to have a life projectuality and goal directedness – even if living with a disease. The paper will also discuss the theoretical origins of this model and will conduct a critical comparison of the theory with the Transtheoretical Model of Change developed by Prochaska and the five-stage grief theory by Kubler-Ross.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1261-1271
Numero di pagine11
RivistaPatient Preference and Adherence
Volume12
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Emotional factors
  • Five stages of grief theory
  • Health Policy
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • PHE model
  • Patient empowerment
  • Patient engagement
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Psychological dynamics
  • Psychosocial theory
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Transtheoretical model of change

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