Spectrum of DICER1 Germline Pathogenic Variants in Ovarian Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumor

Rosa Maria Paragliola, Paola Concolino, Elisa De Paolis

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Sertoli-Leydig Cell Tumors (SLCTs) are rare ovarian sex cord-stromal neoplasms, which predominantly affect adolescents and young female adults. The SLCTs clinical diagnosis and treatment remains challenging due to the rarity and the varied presentation. A large majority of SLCTs are unilateral, but also bilateral neoplasms have been reported, sometimes in the context of DICER1 syndrome. In fact, the most significant discovery regarding the molecular genetics basis of SLCTs was the finding of somatic and germline pathogenic variants in the DICER1 gene. The DICER1 protein is a key component of the micro-RNA processing pathway. Germline DICER1 pathogenic variants are typically inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern and are most often loss-of-function variants dispersed along the length of the gene. Contrarily, DICER1-related tumors harbor a characteristic missense "RNase IIIb hotspot" mutation occurring in trans, or, less frequently, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) event involving the wild-type allele. While DICER1 mutations have been identified in approximately 60% of SLCTs, especially in the moderately or poorly differentiated types, there are only a few case reports of ovarian SLCT with underlying germline DICER1 mutations. In this review, we focus on the molecular genetic features of SLCT, performing an extensive survey of all germline pathogenic variants modifying the whole sequence of the DICER1 gene. We point out that DICER1 genetic testing, coupled with an accurate variants classification and timely counseling, is of crucial importance in the clinical management of ovarian SLCT-affected patients.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1845-N/A
RivistaJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • DICER1
  • Sertoli–Leydig Cell Tumors
  • molecular diagnosis

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