Space-time modeling for post-fire vegetation recovery

Lucia Paci, Alan E. Gelfand, María Asunción Beamonte, Marcos Rodrigues, Fernando Pérez-Cabello

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, there has been increased interest in the behavior of wildfires. Behavior includes explaining: incidence of wildfires; recurrence times for wildfires; sizes, scars, and directions of wildfires; and recovery of burned regions after a wildfire. We study this last problem. In particular, we use the annual normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) to provide a picture of vegetative levels. Employed post-wildfire, it provides a picture of vegetative recovery. The contribution here is to model post-fire vegetation recovery from a different perspective. What exists in the literature specifies a parametric monotone form for the recovery function and then fits it to the available data. However, recovery need not be monotone; NDVI levels may increase or decrease annually according to climate variables. Furthermore, when there is recovery, it need not follow a simple parametric form. Instead, we view recovery in a relative way. We model what NDVI would look like over the fire scar in the absence of a wildfire. Then, we can examine NDVI recovery locally, employing the observed NDVI recovery at a location relative to the predictive distribution of NDVI at that location. We work with wildfire data from the Communidad Autonomía of Aragón in Spain. We develop our approach in two stages. First, we validate the predictability of NDVI in the absence of wildfire. Then, we study annual recovery and evolution of recovery for an illustrative wildfire region. We work within a hierarchical Bayes framework, adopting suitable dynamic spatial models, attaching full uncertainty to our inference on recovery.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)171-183
Numero di pagine13
RivistaStochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment
Volume31
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • 2300
  • Dynamic model
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Hierarchical model
  • Markov chain Monte Carlo
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Spatial autoregression
  • Water Science and Technology

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