Social relational factors of excessive internet use in four European countries

Jakub Mikuška, David Smahel, Lenka Dedkova, Elisabeth Staksrud, Giovanna Mascheroni, Tijana Milosevic

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

1 Citazioni (Scopus)


Objectives Adolescents who deal with more emotional problems have been found to seek escape online, and struggle with excessive internet use (EIU). Poor social relationships have been linked with emotional problems. The current study investigated positive family and school relationships as protective factors against emotional problems and a preference for online social interaction (POSI), both specified as mediators of the association of family and school relationships with EIU. Cross-cultural differences in the model were tested. Methods A multi-group SEM was tested on representative samples of 4104 adolescents (Mage = 14.40 years, SD = 1.65, range 12–17, 50% female) from four European countries from Southern, Northern, Central, and Eastern Europe (Italy, Norway, Czech Republic, and Serbia, respectively). Results Results suggested consistent associations across countries. Positive family relationships and positive school relationships were associated with lower EIU, with 63–64% of the effect of family, and 91–93% of the effect of school relationships mediated by emotional problems and POSI. Conclusions Positive family and school relationships protect adolescents against excessive internet usage, regardless of culture and indirectly—through emotional problems and POSI.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaInternational Journal of Public Health
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • Emotional problems
  • Excessive internet use
  • IPARTheory
  • Preference for online social interaction


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