Social Identification in Sports Teams: The Role of Personal, Social, and Collective Identity Motives

Claudia Manzi, Chiara D'Angelo, Vivian Laurence Vignoles, William E. Thomas, Rupert Brown, Matthew J. Easterbrook, Vivian L. Vignoles, Jeremy J. Holt

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

17 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Based on motivated identity construction theory (MICT; Vignoles, 2011), we offer an integrative approach examining the combined roles of six identity motives (self-esteem, distinctiveness, belonging, meaning, continuity, and efficacy) instantiated at three different motivational levels (personal, social, and collective identity) as predictors of group identification. These identity processes were investigated among 369 members of 45 sports teams from England and Italy in a longitudinal study over 6 months with four time points. Multilevel change modeling and cross-lagged analyses showed that satisfaction of four personal identity motives (individuals’ personal feelings of self-esteem, distinctiveness, meaning, and efficacy derived from team membership), three social identity motives (individuals’ feelings that the team identity carries a sense of belonging, meaning, and continuity), and one collective identity motive (a shared belief in group distinctiveness) significantly predicted group identification. Motivational processes underlying group identification are complex, multilayered, and not reducible to personal needs.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)508-523
Numero di pagine16
RivistaPERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETTIN
Volume43
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • Social Psychology
  • group processes
  • identity motives
  • multilevel modeling
  • social identity
  • sports teams

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