Small effective population size and genetic homogeneity in the Val Borbera isolate

Giovanni Gambaro, Lorenzo Bomba, Vincenza Colonna, Giorgio Pistis, Stefano Mona, Giuseppe Matullo, Rosa Boano, Cinzia Sala, Fiammetta Viganò, Antonio Torroni, Alessandro Achilli, Baharak Hooshiar Kashani, Giovanni Malerba, Nicole Soranzo, Daniela Toniolo

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

19 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Population isolates are a valuable resource for medical genetics because of their reduced genetic, phenotypic and environmental heterogeneity. Further, extended linkage disequilibrium (LD) allows accurate haplotyping and imputation. In this study, we use nuclear and mitochondrial DNA data to determine to what extent the geographically isolated population of the Val Borbera valley also presents features of genetic isolation. We performed a comparative analysis of population structure and estimated effective population size exploiting LD data. We also evaluated haplotype sharing through the analysis of segments of autozygosity. Our findings reveal that the valley has features characteristic of a genetic isolate, including reduced genetic heterogeneity and reduced effective population size. We show that this population has been subject to prolonged genetic drift and thus we expect many variants that are rare in the general population to reach significant frequency values in the valley, making this population suitable for the identification of rare variants underlying complex traits.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2012

Keywords

  • genetic homogeneity
  • genetic isolate

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