We investigated the effect of oestrogens, anti-oestrogens and flavonoids on the growth of a human melanoma cell line (SK-Mel-28) and, at the same time, the presence of both type I oestrogen receptors (ERs) and type II oestrogen binding sites (type II EBS) to gain a fuller picture of the relationship between melanoma cell proliferation and receptor status. 17beta-Oestradiol (E2) and the flavonoid quercetin (Q) produced a marked inhibition of proliferation, but only at the highest dose used (10(-5) M) and only when added daily to the medium. Diethylstilboestrol (DES) (10(-5) M) was effective in inhibiting cell growth when the medium was renewed every 3 days and produced a more pronounced reduction when added daily to the medium. Tamoxifen (TAM) inhibited cell proliferation at a dose starting from 10(-7) M when the medium was renewed every 3 days. When added daily to the medium, it did not induce a greater inhibitory effect and it was cytotoxic at 5 x 10(-6) M and 10(-5) M. The antiproliferative effect of E2, DES and Q did not seem to be dependent on their interaction with ERs, which were minimally detected in SK-Mel-28 in both immunocytochemical and biochemical assays. Our model revealed, through a biochemical assay, a large number of type II EBSs which could be involved in the anti-oestrogen action, but this does not exclude the involvement of other mechanisms. Finally, TAM (10(-5) M) appeared to reduce the activity of the DNA repair enzyme O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase, an effect that could be interesting from the point of view of the therapeutic efficacy of alkylating agents.
|Numero di pagine||10|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 1998|
- anti-oestrogen, cell growth, melanoma, oestrogen receptors, oestrogens, OGAT, quercetin