Self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes: Group-based versus individual education. A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized trails

Andrea Giaccari, Edoardo Mannucci, Marco Gallo, Allegra Bonifazi, Ávila D.P. Belén, Maria L. Masini, Marina Trento, Matteo Monami

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Aim: Patient education is an essential component of the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The present meta-analysis was aimed at verifying the efficacy of group-based versus individual education for self-management in patients with T2DM. Data synthesis: A Medline and Embase search up to January 1st, 2021, was performed, including Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) with duration>6 months, enrolling patients with T2DM and comparing individual-based with group-based educational programs. The primary outcome was endpoint HbA1c; secondary endpoints were lipid profile, body weight, blood pressure, patients’ adherence/knowledge, and quality of life. The weighed difference in means (WMD) and Mantel-Haenzel Odds Ratio (MH–OR), with 95% Confidence Interval (CI), were calculated. We retrieved 14 RCT. No significant between-group difference in HbA1c (WMD -0.39[-0.89; 0.09] mmol/mol, p = 0.11) was observed. At metaregression analyses, longer trial duration, higher baseline mean age and duration of diabetes, and lower baseline HbA1c were correlated with greater efficacy of group-based programs in reducing HbA1c. When analyzed separately, trials excluding insulin-treated patients showed a significant reduction of HbA1c in favor of group education. Conclusions: In patients with T2DM, group education has similar efficacy as individual education on glucose control. Group programs are associated with an improved quality of life and patients’ knowledge. Prospero and OSF registration: ID243149.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaNMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
Volume2021
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Educational programs
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Lipid profile
  • Quality of life
  • Glycemic control

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