Selection of a mechanical property for the flesh firmness of table grapes in accordance with an OIV ampelographic descriptor.

Fabrizio Torchio, Simone Giacosa, Susana Río Segade, Mirella Giust, Diego Tomasi, Vincenzo Gerbi, Luca Rolle

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

12 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Flesh firmness is a sensory characteristic proposed by Organisation Internationale de la Vigne et du Vin (OIV) as an ampelographic descriptor for grape varieties and Vitis species (OIV code 235). To accurately define the flesh firmness of table grapes, an instrumental texture parameter that makes it possible to classify the five reference table-grape cultivars according to this descriptor was selected. The mechanical properties of the berry flesh were determined by texture profile analysis and cutting tests. The results showed that the berry hardness and gumminess, normalized by berry diameter, are accurate instrumental indicators of flesh firmness because the variations among the cultivars were evident, independently of berry size and maturity grade. The interquartile ranges of berry hardness normalized by berry diameter for each flesh-firmness group established by OIV (soft, slightly firm, very firm) were 0.074 to 0.117, 0.121 to 0.158, and 0.205 to 0.391 N/mm, respectively. This standardized protocol can be applied to better compare the performance of grape varieties.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)206-214
Numero di pagine9
RivistaAmerican Journal of Enology and Viticulture
Volume65
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014

Keywords

  • Berry size
  • Flesh firmness
  • Instrumental texture analysis
  • OIV 235 descriptor
  • Ripening effect
  • Table grapes

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