Seed development and IAA biosynthetic genes are regulated differentially in the defective endosperm-18 seed mutant of maize.

Alessandra Lanubile, Adriano Marocco, Jamila Bernardi, Ales Kladnik, Prem Choury

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroContributo a convegno

Abstract

The defective endosperm-18 (de18) mutant accumulates substantially less dry matter in the endosperm than its normal counterpart. The auxin IAA levels in de18 endosperm are 15 times lower respect to the wildtype. The addition of synthetic auxins to the developing de18 grains rescues the wild type phenotype. Previous studied showed that auxin is involved in enhancing post-mitotic nuclear DNA synthesis (endoreduplication), that is positively correlated with cell enlargement and cell volume. We have investigated whether the reduced endosperm of de18 is due to impaired cell division and endoreduplication process, as a consequence of the low auxin levels. Nuclear endoreduplication level, number and size of cells have been measured in wild-type B37 and de18 kernels at 8, 12, 14 and 16 DAP with the optical miscroscope and computer image analysis, using the 3D model developed for maize endosperm. Observations of cells distribution with different ploidy levels in both genotypes, showed that at 8 DAP most of cells in the endosperm were 3C and 6C cells and they were restricted mainly to the outermost layers. Endoreduplication began in the nuclei of the central starchy endosperm cells (12C) and proceeded basally and outward until 16 DAP, where 96C and 192C nuclei were localized in the central part of endosperm. The most significant differences between de18 and B37 were detected at 8 DAP, where the mutant showed a deficiency in the ploidy level, number and volume of cells. The expression level of auxin regulated genes appears to be reduced in de18 during endosperm development, as revealed by q-PCR analyses. A comparative analysis of expression of five genes involved in IAA biosynthesis showed significant alterations of expression in the mutant than the wild type at different stages of endosperm development.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteProceedings of the Joint Meeting AGI-SIBV.SIGA
Pagine26
Numero di pagine1
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2011
EventoJoint Meeting AGI-SIBV-SIGA - Assisi
Durata: 19 set 201122 set 2011

Convegno

ConvegnoJoint Meeting AGI-SIBV-SIGA
CittàAssisi
Periodo19/9/1122/9/11

Keywords

  • Auxin
  • Endosperm development
  • YUCCA 1
  • Zea mays

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