Abstract

Objective: People with Down syndrome (DS) are particularly vulnerable to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and show altered immune response to vaccination. We aimed to evaluate the immune response of a group of adults with DS treated with standard regimens of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine as compared with an age- and sex-matched group of persons without DS. Methods: We compared antibody responses between 42 subjects with DS (41.6 ± 10.8 years, 57% male), and an age- and sex-matched comparison group of healthy health care workers (HCW) (41.4 ± 8.8 years, 54.8% male) after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination with the standard regimen of BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19. Receptor binding domain (RBD) IgG antibodies were assessed at 4 time points (baseline, 21 days after the first dose, 21 days after the second dose, and 6 months after the first dose) with Siemens SARS-CoV-2 IgG (COV2G) antibody test. Results: We observed significantly different antibody responses at all time points after vaccination (HCW vs. DS: 7.9 ± 3.9 vs. 1.4 ± 3.6 IU/mL at 21 days after first dose; 358.5 ± 3.8 vs. 38.1 ± 3.0 IU/mL at 21 days after second dose; 34.6 ± 2.4 vs. 7.9 ± 3.1 IU/mL at 6 months after vaccination) and a significantly different time course of decline in antibody titers between the two groups. Discussion: Subjects with DS have a valid antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. However, this response is lower than that of subjects in the HCW group. This finding could indicate a more rapid decline in the protective effects of the vaccination in subjects with DS and could suggest that people with DS may benefit from a booster dose of vaccine.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaClinical Microbiology and Infection
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Vaccination
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Down syndrome

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