Safety demonstration of a microbial species for use in the food chain: Weissella confusa

Francois Bourdichon, Vania Patrone, Alessandra Fontana, Giovanni Milani, Lorenzo Morelli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

1 Citazioni (Scopus)


Due to their traditional use in food fermentation process for centuries, microbial food cultures are considered to have a safe history of use. A specific microbial risk assessment is therefore rarely conducted for fermented foods and their food cultures, inoculated or naturally present. Some of those food cultures have been also considered for their potential health effect as probiotic strain candidates, for which a specific safety demonstration process has been proposed by a joint expert report of FAO and WHO. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Biohazard panel also provides an approach for evaluating the safety of a strain to be added in the food chain, the Qualified Presumption of Safety (QPS). Weissella confusa, former taxon Lactobacillus confusus, is a food culture characterized in the fermentation process of sourdough. Some strains have been recently proposed for their probiotic potential. The species is also documented in recent infection case reports. It is considered nevertheless to be opportunistic as underlying factors have been suggested to explain the infection. We report here the microbial risk assessment of the species, by studying a collection of 26 food and 17 clinical isolates of Weissella confusa. The phenotypic study, genomic characterization and bibliographical survey will allow us to conclude about the safety of the species and confirm its use for food fermentation and consider specific strains for demonstration of their respective health effects as probiotic candidates.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020


  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Food chain
  • Food safety
  • Metabolic profile
  • QPS
  • WGS
  • Weissella confusa


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