Safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stents for patients at high risk of bleedings: A network meta-analysis

Federico Giacobbe, Eduardo Valente, Arianna Morena, Marco Nebiolo, Giuseppe Giannino, Ovidio De Filippo, Francesco Bruno, Elena Isaevska, Lorenzo Richiardi, Mario Iannaccone, Giuseppe Biondi Zoccai, Francesco Burzotta, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Gaetano Maria De Ferrari

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Introduction: Among different coronary stents implanted in High Bleeding Risk (HBR) patients with an indication for short antiplatelet therapy, no comparisons in terms of efficacy have been provided. Methods: A Network Meta Analysis was performed including all randomized controlled trials comparing different coronary stents evaluated in HBR patients. Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACEs) as defined by each included trial were the primary end point, whereas TLR (target lesion revascularization), TVR (target vessel revascularization), stent thrombosis and total and major (BARC3-5) bleedings were the secondary ones. Results: A total of four studies (ONYX ONE, LEADERS FREE, SENIOR and HBR in BIO-RESORT) including 6637 patients were analyzed with different kind of stents and dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) length (1 or 6 months) on 12 months follow-up. About one-third of these patients were defined HBR due to indication for oral anticoagulation. All drug eluting stents (DESs) reduced risk of MACE compared to Bare Metal Stents (BMSs) when followed by a 1-month DAPT. At SUCRA analysis, Orsiro was the device with the highest probability of performing best. Rates of TLR and TVR were significantly lower when using Resolute Onyx, Synergy and BioFreedom stents in comparison to BMS when followed by 1-month DAPT, with Synergy ranking best. Synergy also showed a significantly lower number of stent thrombosis compared to BMS (RR 0.28, 95% CI 0.06-0.93), while Orsiro and Resolute Integrity showed the highest probability of performing best. Conclusion: In HBRs patients, all DESs were superior to BMSs in terms of efficacy and safety. Among DESs, Orsiro was the one with the highest ranking in terms of MACE, mainly driven by a reduced incidence of repeated revascularization and stent thrombosis.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2024

Keywords

  • High Bleeding Risk
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • meta‐analysis
  • drug eluting stents

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