Role of high-density EEG (hdEEG) in pre-surgical epilepsy evaluation in children: case report and review of the literature

Daniela Pia Rosaria Chieffo, Domenica Immacolata Battaglia, Gianpiero Tamburrini, Michela Quintiliani, Federico Bianchi, Antonia Ramaglia

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

Abstract

Introduction: Electrical source imaging (ESI) and especially hdEEG represent a noninvasive, low cost and accurate method of localizing epileptic zone (EZ). Such capability can greatly increase seizure freedom rate in surgically treated drug resistant epilepsy cases. Furthermore, ESI might be important in intracranial record planning. Case report: We report the case of a 15 years old boy suffering from drug resistant epilepsy with a previous history of DNET removal. The patient suffered from heterogeneous seizure semiology characterized by anesthesia and loss of tone in the left arm, twisting of the jaw to the left and dysarthria accompanied by daze; lightheadedness sometimes associated with headache and dizziness and at a relatively short time distance negative myoclonus involving the left hand. Clinical evidence poorly match scalp and video EEG monitoring thus requiring hdEEG recording followed by SEEG to define surgical target. Surgery was also guided by ECoG and obtained seizure freedom. Discussion: ESI offers an excellent estimate of EZ, being hdEEG and intracranial recordings especially important in defining it. We analyzed our results together with the data from the literature showing how in children hdEEG might be even more crucial than in adults due to the heterogeneity in seizures phenomenology. The complexity of each case and the technical difficulties in dealing with children, stress even more the importance of a noninvasive tool for diagnosis. In fact, hdEEG not only guided in the presented case SEEG planning but may also in the future offer the possibility to replace it.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1429-1437
Numero di pagine9
RivistaCHILDS NERVOUS SYSTEM
Volume37
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • ESI
  • Epilepsy
  • HD-EEG
  • Pediatric

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