The study aimed at describing the prevalence, and pattern of comorbidities, as well as their clinical role in a large series of locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients triaged to preoperative chemoradiation.
The Charlson index (CCI), and the ACE27 index were used to retrospectively evaluate comorbidities in 258 LACC patients: life tables were computed by the Kaplan-Meier method; multivariate analysis was performed by Cox's regression model.
A CCI score = 0 was documented in 225 patients (87.2%), while 24 patients (9.3%) had a CCI score = 1, and only 9 patients (3.5%) had a CCI score ≥ 2. An ACE27 score = 0 was documented in 170 patients (65.9%), and was 1 in 59 patients (22.8%), 2 in 24 patients (9.3%) and 3 in 5 patients (2%). There was no association between the presence of comorbidities and clinico-pathological variables with the exception of a direct association with older age. There was no difference in the distribution of comorbid cases according to the extent of hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy. DFS or OS curves did not differ in patients with or without comorbidities according to both indexes. No difference in the distribution of patients with comorbidities according to presence of complications was documented.
The role of comorbidities in the decision-making process relative to the enrollment of LACC patients into this trimodal therapeutic strategy needs to be established in specifically designed prospective trials