RNA-sequencing to identify constitutive and induced defense genes to Fusarium verticillioides infection in resistant and susceptible maize genotypes.

Alessandra Lanubile, Matteo Busconi, Adriano Marocco, Valentina Maschietto, Massimo Delledonne, D Bellin, A Ferrarini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in libroContributo a convegno

Abstract

Background: Fusarium verticillioides causes ear rot in maize (Zea mays L.) and accumulation of mycotoxins, that affect human and animal health. Currently, chemical and agronomic measures to control Fusarium ear rot are not very effective and selection of more resistant genotypes is a desirable strategy to reduce contaminations. A deeper knowledge of molecular events and genetic basis underlying Fusarium ear rot is necessary to speed up progress in breeding for resistance. Results: A next-generation RNA-sequencing approach was used for the first time to study transcriptional changes associated with F. verticillioides inoculation in resistant CO441 and susceptible CO354 maize genotypes at 72 hours post inoculation. More than 100 million sequence reads were generated for inoculated and uninoculated control plants and analyzed to measure gene expression levels. Comparison of expression levels between inoculated vs. uninoculated and resistant vs. susceptible transcriptomes revealed a total number of 6,951 differentially expressed genes. Differences in basal gene expression were observed in the uninoculated samples. CO441 genotype showed a higher level of expression of genes distributed over all functional classes, in particular those related to secondary metabolism category. After F. verticillioides inoculation, a similar response was observed in both genotypes, although the magnitude of induction was much greater in the resistant genotype. This response included higher activation of genes involved in pathogen perception, signaling and defense, including WRKY transcription factors and jasmonate/ ethylene mediated defense responses. Interestingly, strong differences in expression between the two genotypes were observed in secondary metabolism category: pathways related to shikimate, lignin, flavonoid and terpenoid biosynthesis were strongly represented and induced in the CO441 genotype, indicating that selection to enhance these traits is an additional strategy for improving resistance against F. verticillioides infection. Conclusions: The work demonstrates that the global transcriptional analysis provided an exhaustive view of genes involved in pathogen recognition and signaling, and controlling activities of different TFs, phytohormones and secondary metabolites, that contribute to host resistance against F. verticillioides. This work provides an important source of markers for development of disease resistance maize genotypes andmay have relevance to study other pathosystems involving mycotoxin-producing fungi.
Lingua originaleEnglish
Titolo della pubblicazione ospiteProceedings of the 58th Italian Society of Agricultural Genetics Annual Congress
Pagine5.20
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2014
Evento58° Annual Congress of Società Italiana di Genetica Agraria (SIGA) - Alghero
Durata: 15 set 201418 set 2014

Convegno

Convegno58° Annual Congress of Società Italiana di Genetica Agraria (SIGA)
CittàAlghero
Periodo15/9/1418/9/14

Keywords

  • Fusarium ear rot
  • RNA-Seq
  • Zea mays
  • defense genes

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