[Risk perception and biological parameters related to obesity in a sample population of the city of Rome, Italy: nurses' contribution to supporting health-related decisions]

Umberto Moscato, Gianfranco Damiani, Patrizia Laurenti, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Caterina Galletti, Eduardo Mazza, Stefano Gambioli

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a major public health problem because it is a risk factor for various chronic diseases and its incidence is constantly increasing due to changes in diet and lifestyle. In Italy, studies show that 32% of the population aged between 18 and 69 years is overweight and 10% is obese. The aim of this study was to measure the anthropometric characteristics of a sample population of the city of Rome (Italy) and correlate these with dietary habits and socio-demographic characteristics of participants in order to evaluate their specific health and educational needs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in February 2015 by administering an ad-hoc questionnaire to subjects over 18 years of age attending a General Practitioner's practice in Rome (Italy). The questionnaire collected demographic, clinical and anthropometric data, and information regarding dietary habits. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 150 individuals with a mean age of 47,8 years. Fifty nine percent were women. The mean Body Mass Index (BMI) was 26.7. The average blood pressure was 131/80 mmHg. BMI values were higher in respondents with a lower educational level and BMI was significantly associated with the quality of the source of nutrition information used. CONCLUSIONS: Poor and unreliable information regarding proper nutrition can correlate with the risk of overweight and the consequent development of chronic diseases. The family or community nurse could play a critical role in prevention, by helping to provide correct information for specific populations and by planning training and prevention activities with the GP.
Titolo tradotto del contributo[Autom. eng. transl.] [Risk perception and biological parameters related to obesity in a sample population of the city of Rome, Italy: nurses' contribution to supporting health-related decisions]
Lingua originaleItalian
pagine (da-a)215-234
Numero di pagine20
RivistaIGIENE E SANITÀ PUBBLICA
Volume73
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2017

Keywords

  • biological parameters related to obesity

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