Rhomboid-Like-2 Intramembrane Protease Mediates Metalloprotease-Independent Regulation of Cadherins

Luca Tamagnone, Chiara Battistini, Michael Rehman, Marco Avolio, Alessia Arduin, Donatella Valdembri, Guido Serini

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

2 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Cadherins are a major family of cell–cell adhesive receptors, which are implicated in development, tissue homeostasis, and cancer. Here, we show a novel mechanism of post-translational regulation of E-cadherin in cancer cells by an intramembrane protease of the Rhomboid family, RHBDL2, which leads to the shedding of E-cadherin extracellular domain. In addition, our data indicate that RHBDL2 mediates a similar activity on VE-cadherin, which is selectively expressed by endothelial cells. We show that RHBDL2 promotes cell migration, which is consistent with its ability to interfere with the functional role of cadherins as negative regulators of motility; moreover, the two players appear to lie in the same functional pathway. Importantly, we show that RHBDL2 expression is induced by the inflammatory chemokine TNF. The E-cadherin extracellular domain is known to be released by metalloproteases (MMPs); however, here, we provide evidence of a novel MMP-independent, TNF inducible, E-cadherin processing mechanism that is mediated by RHBDL2. Thus, the intramembrane protease RHBDL2 is a novel regulator of cadherins promoting cell motility.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1-17
Numero di pagine17
RivistaInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2019

Keywords

  • E-cadherin
  • Rhomboid E-cadherin
  • cell migration
  • proteolytic cleavage

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Rhomboid-Like-2 Intramembrane Protease Mediates Metalloprotease-Independent Regulation of Cadherins'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo