OBJECTIVE: To present the analyzed results on mechanical circulatory support (MCS) collected over a 7-year period, from 2000 to 2006, in France. METHODS: A cohort of 520 patients was analyzed. Mean age was 43.7 ± 13.6 years. The main causes of cardiac failure were ischemic cardiomyopathy (39%), idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (41.3%), or myocarditis (6.4%). Bridge to transplantation was indicated in 87.8% of patients, bridge to recovery in 9%, while destination therapy was proposed in 3.2% of patients. RESULTS: For patients in cardiogenic shock or advanced heart failure undergoing device implantation as bridge to transplantation or recovery (n=458), overall mortality was 39% (n=179). The main causes of mortality under MCS were multi-organ failure (MOF) (57.4%), neurological events (14.1%), or infections (11.9%). Heart transplantation was performed in 249 (54.3%) patients. The main causes of death following heart transplantation were primary graft failure (22.4%), MOF (14.3%), neurological event (14.3%), or infection (10.2%). Long-term survival in transplanted patients was 75 ± 2.8% at 1 year and 66 ± 3.4% at 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: MCS is an essential therapeutic tool to save the life of young patients with cardiogenic shock or advanced cardiac failure. Early MCS implantation and the availability of a device that is adapted to the patient's clinical status are prerequisites for reducing overall mortality rates.
|Numero di pagine||6|
|Rivista||European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2011|
- Mechanical circulatory support