Reproductive biotechnology and critically endangered species: Merging in vitro gametogenesis with inner cell mass transfer

Paolo Ajmone Marsan, Joseph Saragusty, Silvestre Sampino, Jacek A. Modlinski

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivistapeer review

1 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

A fifth of mammalian species face the risk of extinction. A variety of stresses, and lack of sufficient resources and political endorsement, mean thousands of further extinctions in the coming years. Once a species has declined to a mere few individuals, in situ efforts seem insufficient to prevent its extinction. Here we propose a roadmap to overcome some of the current roadblocks and facilitate rejuvenation of such critically endangered species. We suggest combining two advanced assisted reproductive technologies to accomplish this task. The first is the generation of gametes from induced pluripotent stem cells, already demonstrated in mice. The second is to ‘trick’ the immunological system of abundant species’ surrogate mothers into believing it carries conceptus of its own species. This can be achieved by transferring the inner cell mass (ICM) of the endangered species into a trophoblastic vesicle derived from the foster mother's species. Such synthesis of reproductive biotechnologies, in association with in situ habitat conservation and societal changes, holds the potential to restore diversity and accelerate the production of animals in the most endangered species on Earth
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)176-184
Numero di pagine9
RivistaTheriogenology
Volume155
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2020

Keywords

  • Assisted reproduction
  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Endangered species
  • Extinction
  • Fetal-maternal immune recognition
  • Gametogenesis

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