Repair of teeth with cracks in crowns and roots: An observational clinical study

Carlo Lajolo, Augusto Malentacca, Fabrizio Zaccheo, Matteo Scialanca, Francesco Fordellone

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

Abstract

Aim: This retrospective observational study investigated the survival rate of teeth with radicular cracks that were restored using composite materials. Methodology: The study was approved by the Ethical Committee of Sistema Sanitario Nazionale (prot. N°2370CELazio1), Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT04430205. Between 1991 and 2019, 87 teeth with radicular cracks (87 patients [46 men, 41 women, mean age 50.2 years]) were treated with adhesive composite restorations. Forty-five cracks were observed in the maxillary posterior teeth (molars and premolars), 40 in the mandibular posterior teeth and only two cracks in the anterior teeth, both in maxilla. Based on the depth of the crack, teeth were categorized as proximal radicular cracked teeth (PRCT), in which the fracture line was restricted within the pulpal floor or the coronal one-third of the root and deep radicular cracked teeth (DRCT), in which the fracture line extended to the middle and apical thirds of the root canal up to the apex. Bone loss/recovery was evaluated radiographically at 1-year follow-up. All patients were treated using surgical microscopy by the same operator. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors of extraction. Kaplan–Meier survival curves were used to analyse PRCT and DRCT. Results: Among 87 cracked teeth, 66 were molars, 19 premolars and 2 incisors. Fifty-two were DRCT, 35 were PRCT, 46 had a periodontal probing defect. Patients were followed up for a mean of 66.9 months (standard deviation 44.6, min 1 to max 172). Lack of probing depth was a significant protective factor against extraction (odds ratio [OR] 0.027, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.003–0.27, p <.05), whereas further bone loss (OR 10.63, 95% CI 2.08–54.36, p <.05) was a risk factor for extraction. More than 50% of teeth treated with the adhesive protocol were functional (46 of 87 teeth [χ2 test], p <.05) at 5-year follow-up. Among the PRCT group, a 78% survival rate at 5 years was found, while among the DRCT group, a 58% survival rate was found. Conclusion: Composite resin restorations resulted in tooth survival in >50% of patients; 85.4% of PRCT and 61.5% of DRCT were functional after 5 years of follow-up.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1738-1753
Numero di pagine16
RivistaInternational Endodontic Journal
Volume54
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021

Keywords

  • Bicuspid
  • Composite Resins
  • Cracked Tooth Syndrome
  • Crowns
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molar
  • adhesion
  • composite restorative treatment
  • cracked teeth
  • longitudinal root fracture
  • periodontal healing
  • prognosis

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