Relationship closeness, habit and perceived subjective norms as predictors of volunteer role identity in school-based mentoring programmes

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

1 Citazioni (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aimed to examine factors associated with volunteer role identity in mentors of school-based mentoring programmes. Design/methodology/approach: Drawing on established theoretical models of volunteerism (the Role Identity Model), and research and theory on mentoring programmes, an integrated model of predictors of mentor volunteer role identity was tested. Seventy-one mentors (63 females, mean age 36 years) completed a survey with measures of habit, subjective norms, satisfaction with the mentor-mentee relationship, relationship closeness, social skills and mentor role identity. Path analysis was used for data analysis. Findings: Fit indexes revealed an acceptable fit to the data. There were six significant paths. Habit and subjective norms were directly related to role identity. The association between mentor role identity and two further predictors, satisfaction with the mentor–mentee relationship and social skills was respectively fully and partially mediated by relationship closeness. Practical implications: Findings can inform mentoring programmes in supporting mentors to develop a close relationship with their mentees and promote the development of a role identity as a volunteer among mentors. A stronger role identity is in turn expected to enhance mentor retention in the programme. Originality/value: An important and novel finding of this study is that relationship closeness contributes to mentors developing a volunteer role identity. Also, for the first time, the importance for mentors of support from significant others in fostering sustained volunteer engagement has been examined.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)17-30
Numero di pagine14
RivistaInternational Journal of Mentoring and Coaching in Education
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2021


  • Children at risk
  • Italy
  • Relationship closeness
  • School-based mentoring
  • Volunteer role identity
  • Volunteers


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