Relationship between circulating syndecan-1 levels (CD138s) and serum free light chains in monoclonal gammopathies

Luigi Colacicco, Maria Teresa Dell'Abate, Giovanni Cigliana, Francesco Pisani, Laura Conti

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

6 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Monoclonal gammopathies encompass a wide range of diseases characterized by the monoclonal expansion of a B-cell clone. Despite emerging therapeutic strategies, chances of survival of patients who are affected are still scarce, which implies that new tools are necessary not only for the diagnosis but also for the follow-up of patients affected by such diseases. In this context, the use of free light chains (FLCs) has been incorporated into many guidelines. Likewise, tumor microenvironment is consistently gaining importance as role player in tumor pathogenesis. Specifically, Syndecan-1 (CD138), a heparan-sulfate proteoglycan is attracting interests as it is highly expressed and shed by myeloma plasma-cells. The aim of our study was to analyze CD138 levels in the serum of patients affected by multiple myeloma or light chain only disease, and to compare the values obtained with free light chain (FLC) kappa, lambda and FLC ratio in both groups of patients. Methods: 84 patients affected by Multiple Myeloma and Light Chain Myeloma were recruited for this study. Serum CD138 was assessed by ELISA (Diaclone Research, France) and FLC values were quantified by nephelometry (Freelite TM Human Kappa and Lambda Free Kits, The Binding Site, UK). Data was analyzed by GraphPad Prism software and Statgraph. Results: We observed higher CD138 mean values in myeloma patients compared to the light chain only myeloma group. A positive linear regression of CD138 and FLC was observed in the light chain only cohort as opposed to myeloma patients which show an inverse trend. Conclusions: The study highlighted an existing relationship between FLCs and CD138 and wishes to seek also a correlation in order to rapidly and efficiently perform diagnosis and different diagnostic schemes.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL & CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
Volume34
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2015

Keywords

  • Female
  • Free light chains
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Light Chains
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Paraproteinemias
  • Syndecan I
  • Syndecan-1

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