Rats that are made insulin resistant by glucosamine treatment have impaired skeletal muscle insulin receptor phosphorylation

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Abstract

The current study sought to verify whether glucosamine (GlcN)-induced insulin resistance is associated with impaired insulin receptor (IR) autophosphorylation. Rats were given either saline or primed continuous GlcN infusion (5 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1)) 10 minutes prior to and during euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp (primed continuous infusion of 20 mU x kg(-1) x min(-1) insulin for 2 hours). IR autophosphorylation was measured in skeletal muscle after in vivo insulin stimulation (ie, during clamp) by Western blot and then retested after subsequent in vitro 0.1 to 100 nmol/L insulin stimulation (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]). Tissue PC-1 enzymatic activity was also measured. In vivo, insulin/GlcN rats had decreased (P <.01) whole body glucose uptake (37.7 +/- 2.1 v 49.7 +/- 2.7 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1) in respect to insulin/saline), receptor autophosphorylation (37 +/- 5 v 82 +/-.0 arbitrary units/mg protein), and insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) phosphorylation (112% +/- 15% v 198% +/- 23% of saline infusion rats). Receptor autophosphorylation was correlated with whole body glucose uptake (r = 0.62, P <.05). Skeletal muscle PC-1 activity (58.8 +/- 10.7 v 55.7 +/- 5.8 nmol x mg(-1) x min(-1)) was not different in the 2 groups. Our data show that GlcN-induced insulin resistance is mediated, at least in part, by impaired skeletal muscle IR autophosphorylation.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1092-1095
Numero di pagine4
RivistaMETABOLISM, CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2003

Keywords

  • diabete
  • diabetes
  • glucosamina
  • glucosamine
  • insulin resistance
  • insulino-resistenza

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