Experimental radiofrequency ablation has already been performed in healthy livers of porcine models, but not in less expensive and easy-to-manage rats, with devices capable of delivering radiofrequency ablation in the 20-30g liver of such small animals being so far unavailable. Methodology: We experimented with a modified system of radiofrequency ablation of liver tissue in rat models developing a custom-made needle-micro-electrode of very small dimensions (0.3x2mm) and an electrode-tip cooling technique, based on saline solution infusion. We adjusted duration (seconds) and power (watts) of radiofrequency ablation letting them range between 5-50 seconds and 5-25 W, respectively, to obtain the greatest lesions with the least side effects. After sacrificing the animals, an accurate histological examination of the liver was made. Results: It is possible to establish beforehand the diameter of thermal liver lesion on the basis of joules of applied energy. The greatest increase of liver thermal lesion diameter (8mm) is obtained with a 250-joule (10 W for 25 seconds) thermal energy cooling the electrode-tissue interface. Conclusions: Experimental radiofrequency ablation in rat liver is an effective and cheap way to study its effects on healthy hepatic tissues. It might be the first step to treat experimentally caused liver tumors.
|Numero di pagine||5|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2004|
- Radiofrequency ablation
- hepatic tissue