We review our results on a mathematical dynamical theory for observables for open manybody quantum nonlinear bosonic systems for a very general class of Hamiltonians. We show that non-quadratic (nonlinear) terms in a Hamiltonian provide a singular ‘‘quantum” perturbation for observables in some ‘‘mesoscopic” region of parameters. In particular, quantum effects result in secular terms in the dynamical evolution, that grow in time. We argue that even for open quantum nonlinear systems in the deep quasi-classical region, these quantum effects can survive after decoherence and relaxation processes take place. We demonstrate that these quantum effects in open quantum systems can be observed, for example, in the frequency Fourier spectrum of the dynamical observables, or in the corresponding spectral density of noise. Estimates are presented for Bose–Einstein condensates, low temperature mechanical resonators, and nonlinear optical systems prepared in large amplitude coherent states. In particular, we show that for Bose–Einstein condensate systems the characteristic time of deviation of quantum dynamics for observables from the corresponding classical dynamics coincides with the characteristic time-scale of the wellknown quantum nonlinear effect of phase diffusion.
|Numero di pagine||11|
|Rivista||Chaos Solitons and Fractals|
|Stato di pubblicazione||Pubblicato - 2009|
- mesoscopic systems
- singular perturbation theory