Quantitative evaluation of facial hypoplasia and airway obstruction in infants with syndromic craniosynostosis: relationship with skull base and splanchnocranium sutural pattern.

Cesare Colosimo, Rosalinda Calandrelli, Fabio Pilato, Luca Massimi, Marco Panfili, Gabriella D'Apolito, Simona Gaudino

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

7 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Craniosynostostic syndromes are due to multisuture synostoses and affect the entire craniofacial skeleton. This study analyzed the facial complex and airways to quantify the relationship between insufficient facial growth, airways obstruction, and the sutural pattern of the splanchnocranium and cranial fossae. METHODS: Preoperative high-resolution CT images in 19 infants with syndromic craniosynostosis were quantitatively analyzed. Because all children showed involvement of minor sutures/synchondroses coursing in the posterior cranial fossa, they were divided into three groups according to the synostotic involvement of "minor" sutures/synchondroses coursing in anterior (ACF) and middle (MCF) cranial fossae: group 1 (ACF), group 2 (MCF), and group 3 (ACF-MCF). Analysis of the facial complex and airway was performed. Each group was compared with age-matched healthy subjects. RESULTS: Premature closure of skull base synchondroses of ACF and MCF was found only in groups MCF and ACF-MCF. Group MCF showed synostosis in the posterior branch of the coronal ring and reduced anterior hemifossae lengths while group ACF-MCF showed synostosis in the anterior branch of the coronal ring and reduced middle hemifossae lengths. No group showed reduced maxillary or mandibular volumes but group MCF showed synostosis of the zygomaticomaxillary sutures and maxillary retrusion. All groups showed reduced airway volume but group 2 had a higher degree of airway hypoplasia. CONCLUSION: The skull base synostotic process drives the changes in facial complex growth and airway obstruction. Premature closure of synchondroses/sutures in the posterior branch of the coronal ring causes insufficient facial growth, maxillary retrusion, and more severe airway reduction.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)N/A-N/A
RivistaNeuroradiology
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Airway obstruction
  • High-resolution CT
  • Skull
  • Syndromic craniosynostosis

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