This article introduces the Dyadic Coping Inventory (DCI; Bodenmann, 2007) and aims (1) to investigate the reliability and aspects of the validity of the Italian and French versions of the DCI and (2) to replicate its factor structure and reliabilities using a new Swiss German sample. Based on 216 German-, 378 Italian-, and 198 French-speaking participants, the factor structure of the original German inventory was able to be replicated by using principal components analysis in all three groups after excluding two items in the Italian and French versions. The latter were shown to be as reliable as the German version with the exception of the reliabilities of negative dyadic coping in the French group. Confirmatory factor analyses provided additional support for delegated dyadic coping and evaluation of dyadic coping. Intercorrelations among scales were similar across all three languages groups with a few exceptions. Previous findings could be replicated in all three groups, showing that aspects of dyadic coping were more strongly related to marital quality than to dyadic communication. The use of dyadic coping scales in the actor-partner interdependence model, the common fate model, and the mutual influence model is discussed.
- dyadic coping
- dyadic research