Prostate apoptosis response-4 is expressed in normal cholangiocytes, is down-regulated in human cholangiocarcinoma, and promotes apoptosis of neoplastic cholangiocytes when induced pharmacologically

Gennaro Nuzzo, Felice Giuliante, Antonio Franchitto, Alessia Torrice, Rossella Semeraro, Cristina Napoli, Gianfranco Alpini, Guido Carpino, Pasquale Bartolomeo Berloco, Luciano Izzo, Antonio Bolognese, Paolo Onori, Anastasia Renzi, Alfredo Cantafora, Eugenio Gaudio, Domenico Alvaro

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12 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is a tumor suppressor protein that sensitizes cells to apoptosis; therefore, Par-4 modulation has therapeutic potential. No data currently exist on Par-4 expression in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). We evaluated the expression of Par-4 in normal and neoplastic cholangiocytes and the effects of its pharmacological or genetic modulation. The study was performed in human and rat liver, CCA patient biopsies, and two CCA cell lines. PAR-4 was expressed in normal rat and human cholangiocytes, but its expression levels decreased in both human CCA and CCA cell lines. In both intrahepatic and extrahepatic CCA, Par-4 expression (as shown by immunohistochemistry) was inversely correlated with markers of proliferation (eg, proliferating cellular nuclear antigen) and directly correlated with apoptotic markers (eg, Bax and Bax/BCL2 ratio). Par-4 expression was decreased during CCA cell proliferation but was enhanced after apoptosis induction. Pharmacological induction of Par-4 expression in CCA cell lines by diindolymethane or withaferin A promoted activation of apoptosis and inhibition of proliferation. In contrast, specific Par-4 silencing by small-interfering RNA determined activation of CCA cell line proliferation. Par-4 is expressed in rat and human cholangiocytes and is down-regulated in both human CCA and CCA cell lines. Par-4 protein levels decrease during cell proliferation but increase during apoptosis. Pharmacological or genetic induction of Par-4 determines apoptosis of CCA cells, suggesting Par-4 targeting as a CCA treatment strategy.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1779-1790
Numero di pagine12
RivistaTHE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY
Volume177
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010

Keywords

  • Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Prostate apoptosis response-4
  • Therapy

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