BACKGROUND AND AIMS Flexible endoscopy septotomy for Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is an alternative to endostapling; however, long-term data are sparse and studies are heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical success of flexible endoscopy diverticuloscope-assisted septotomy according to all ZD-related symptoms and to identify potential prognostic variables. METHODS: A prospective database of all patients with ZD undergoing septotomy and followed up for 24 months or longer was analyzed. Septotomy was conducted by using a diverticuloscope-assisted technique. Dysphagia, regurgitation, and respiratory symptoms (during the day and at night) were scored by their weekly frequency from 0 to 3 when on a solid food diet. Clinical success (asymptomatic state) was defined as a maximum of 2 symptoms with a score of 1 (once per week). Prognostic variables of clinical success included age, sex, pretreatment total symptom score, pre- and posttreatment ZD size, and septotomy length. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used to calculate the crude and adjusted hazard ratio (HR). RESULTS: Septotomy was attempted and achieved in a single session in 89 patients. Clinical success at the intention-to-treat analysis was 69%, 64%, and 46% at 6, 24, and 48 months, respectively. Adverse events occurred in 3 patients: perforation in 2 (2%) and postprocedural bleeding in 1 (1%). Independent variables for failure at 6 months were a septotomy length ≤25 mm (HR 6.34) and pretreatment ZD size ≥50 mm (HR 11.08), whereas at 48 months, they were septotomy length ≤25 (HR 2.20) and posttreatment ZD size ≥10 mm (HR 2.03). Success rates for ZD ranging in size from 30 mm to 49 mm with a septotomy >25 mm were 100% and 71% at 6 months and 48 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Flexible endoscopic septotomy for ZD is feasible and safe. Treatment success correlates with the length of the septotomy and the size of ZD, which should ultimately determine the appropriate approach.
- Prognostic factor
- Zenker diverticulum