Profilin desensitization: A case series

Eleonora Nucera, Arianna Aruanno, Angela Rizzi, Valentina Pecora, Giampiero Patriarca, Alessandro Buonomo, Simona Mezzacappa, Domenico Schiavino

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

4 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of profilin as an allergen has long been questioned. The capacity of profilin to induce respiratory symptoms has recently been demonstrated; moreover, over 50% of patients sensitized to profilin experienced symptoms after the ingestion of plant-derived foods, suggesting that profilin should be considered as a clinically relevant food allergen.We describe the cases of seven allergic patients with oral allergy syndrome and other adverse reactions after eating plant-derived food, that have been undergone to profilin desensitization treatment.The protocol started with a drop of profilin solution (50 µg/mL) diluted 1:1018 in water until the highest dose of 10 drops of undiluted solution three times a week. At the end of the treatment we observed a decreased mean diameter of profilin wheal in skin prick test (SPT) in five of the seven participants and in profilin specific IgE values in six patients that repeated the test. Regarding basophil activation test (BAT) and the detection of IgG4, we do not have significant results because the tests have to be repeated in some patients. Regarding the double-blind placebo-controlled challenges, after about 10 months of induction phase all the patients showed tolerance to several foods that they previously did not tolerate.Moreover, the immunotherapy with profilin has proved to be safe because no serious adverse events have been reported in our patients.In summary, the results of this exploratory study of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for profilin allergy show that it can be a promising therapeutic option that could modify the clinical reactivity of the patients to the intake of plant-derived food.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)529-536
Numero di pagine8
RivistaInternational Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
Volumesettembre
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2016

Keywords

  • desensitization

Fingerprint Entra nei temi di ricerca di 'Profilin desensitization: A case series'. Insieme formano una fingerprint unica.

Cita questo