BACKGROUND: Equine amniotic mesenchymal stromal cells (AMSCs) and their conditioned medium (CM) were evaluated for their ability to inhibit in vitro proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with and without priming. Additionally, AMSC immunogenicity was assessed by expression of MHCI and MHCII and their ability to counteract the in vitro inflammatory process. METHODS: Horse PBMC proliferation was induced with phytohemagglutinin. AMSC priming was performed with 10 ng/ml of TNF-α, 100 ng/ml of IFN-γ, and a combination of 5 ng/ml of TNF-α and 50 ng/ml of IFN-γ. The CM generated from naïve unprimed and primed AMSCs was also tested to evaluate its effects on equine endometrial cells in an in vitro inflammatory model induced by LPS. Immunogenicity marker expression (MHCI and II) was evaluated by qRT-PCR and by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Priming does not increase MHCI and II expression. Furthermore, the inhibition of PBMC proliferation was comparable between naïve and conditioned cells, with the exception of AMSCs primed with both TNF-α and IFN-γ that had a reduced capacity to inhibit T cell proliferation. However, AMSC viability was lower after priming than under other experimental conditions. CM from naïve and primed AMSCs strongly inhibited PBMC proliferation and counteracted the inflammatory process, rescuing about 65% of endometrial cells treated by LPS. CONCLUSION: AMSCs and their CM have a strong capacity to inhibit PBMC proliferation, and priming is not necessary to improve their immunosuppressive activity or reactivity in an inflammatory in vitro model.
- Amniotic stromal-derived cells
- PBMC proliferation
- Pro-inflammatory cytokines