Primary constitutional MLH1 epimutations: a focal epigenetic event

Maurizio Genuardi, Estela Dámaso, Adela Castillejo, María Del Mar Arias, Julia Canet-Hermida, Matilde Navarro, Jesús Del Valle, Olga Campos, Anna Fernández, Fátima Marín, Daniela Turchetti, Juan De Dios García-Díaz, Conxi Lázaro, Daniel Rueda, Ángel Alonso, Jose Luis Soto, Megan Hitchins, Marta Pineda, Gabriel Capellá

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

10 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Constitutional MLH1 epimutations are characterised by monoallelic methylation of the MLH1 promoter throughout normal tissues, accompanied by allele-specific silencing. The mechanism underlying primary MLH1 epimutations is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to perform an in-depth characterisation of constitutional MLH1 epimutations targeting the aberrantly methylated region around MLH1 and other genomic loci. METHODS: Twelve MLH1 epimutation carriers, 61 Lynch syndrome patients, and 41 healthy controls, were analysed by Infinium 450 K array. Targeted molecular techniques were used to characterise the MLH1 epimutation carriers and their inheritance pattern. RESULTS: No nucleotide or structural variants were identified in-cis on the epimutated allele in 10 carriers, in which inter-generational methylation erasure was demonstrated in two, suggesting primary type of epimutation. CNVs outside the MLH1 locus were found in two cases. EPM2AIP1-MLH1 CpG island was identified as the sole differentially methylated region in MLH1 epimutation carriers compared to controls. CONCLUSION: Primary constitutional MLH1 epimutations arise as a focal epigenetic event at the EPM2AIP1-MLH1 CpG island in the absence of cis-acting genetic variants. Further molecular characterisation is needed to elucidate the mechanistic basis of MLH1 epimutations and their heritability/reversibility.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)978-987
Numero di pagine10
RivistaBritish Journal of Cancer
DOI
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2018

Keywords

  • Cancer

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