Prevalent involvement of thenar motor fibres in vineyard workers with carpal tunnel syndrome

Luca Padua, M. Mondelli, A. Baldasseroni, A. Aretini, F. Ginanneschi

Risultato della ricerca: Contributo in rivistaArticolo in rivista

13 Citazioni (Scopus)

Abstract

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has a high prevalence in agricultural workers, especially those engaged in vineyards. We postulated that vineyard CTS was electrophysiologically different from CTS of other subjects. We performed a retrospective cross-sectional electrophysiological study of two cohorts of consecutive patients with CTS, the first consisting of vineyard workers and the second, of other unselected types of workers, housewives and pensioners. METHODS: Thirty-three vineyard workers (mean age 46.8years, 42% women) and 205 patients with other occupations (mean age 53.7years; 66% women) were enrolled. All patients underwent sensory and motor neurography of the median and ulnar nerves. Differences in demographic and electrophysiological findings between groups were calculated and multiple linear regression analysis was performed to eliminate the influence of potential confounding factors (age, sex, BMI, clinical severity of CTS) on the results of univariate difference analysis. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed that DML was longer and compound muscle action potential amplitude of the median nerve, recorded from the abductor pollicis brevis muscle, was smaller in vineyard workers than in the other CTS patients. These differences remained significant after adjusting the results for confounding factors. CONCLUSIONS: The vineyard workers showed a different pattern of CTS than the other patients: thenar motor fibres were more affected, presumably due to chronic compression on the thenar branch. This suggests an association between "common" CTS and thenar mononeuropathy. SIGNIFICANCE: Occupational physiologists should clarify the mechanisms of neuromuscular engagement in particular jobs and ergonomists design suitable working tools, because many "individual" risk factors are difficult to change, but workplace-related risk factors can be modified.
Lingua originaleEnglish
pagine (da-a)1251-1255
Numero di pagine5
RivistaClinical Neurophysiology
Volume121
Stato di pubblicazionePubblicato - 2010

Keywords

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • thenar motor fibres

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